Things you need to know about Contract for Secured Loan (Down-Payment and Equal Monthly Installments).
Last updated on 28 November 2023
1. What is a Contract of Loan?
A Contract of Loan is a document where a person lends money (the “lender”) to another person (the “borrower”) subject to the borrower repaying the loan, sometimes with interest. The contract provides for the terms of the loan such as the (a) amount loaned; (b) interest rate; and (c) terms of payment.
A Contract of Loan may also be either secured or unsecured. A secured loan refers to a loan protected by a collateral which the lender can sell if the borrower defaults on the loan. On the other hand, an unsecured loan refers to a loan that has no collateral.
This Contract of Loan provides for the loan to be repaid in 1 initial down-payment, and then equal monthly installments. If you need other payment terms, you can use the following contracts of loan instead:
2. When do you need a Contract of Loan?
A Contract of Loan is used when you lend money to another person. A loan contract is proof that you lent money to another person and that you expect that person to repay you.
It is hard to rely on a verbal agreement of loan because this is difficult to prove in court and people can easily forget their commitment to pay or other important details regarding the loan.
3. How is a Contract of Loan different from a Promissory Note?
Both documents are used in transactions for lending money. However, a Contract of Loan is best used for loans involving large sums of money and when the terms of the loan are complicated.
On the other hand, use a Promissory Note if the loan involves only a small amount of money and contains simple and straightforward terms.
4. How can a Contract of Loan protect you?
The Contract of Loan can protect the lender if the borrower:
- Fails or refuses to repay the loan.
- Insists that the money or property loaned was merely a gift.
- Violates the terms of the loan (e.g. missed due dates, failure to put up collateral).
In the cases above the lender may use the Contract of Loan to demand the borrower to comply with the terms of the loan. If the borrower refuses to comply, the lender can file a complaint in court to compel the borrower to pay the loan and claim damages from the buyer.
For the borrower the Contract of Loan puts in writing his rights and obligations under the loan and what is expected from him (i.e. when he has to repay the loan). The Contract of Loan also acts as a restriction on the lender because the lender cannot unilaterally change the terms of the loan without the borrower’s consent. For example, once the parties agree on the interest rate the lender cannot unilaterally increase the interest rate without the borrower’s consent.
5. What information do you need to create a Contract of Loan?
To create your Contract of Loan you’ll need the following minimum information:
- The type of borrower (e.g. individual or business) as well as name and details (e.g. nationality and address).
- The type of lender (e.g. individual or business) as well as name and details (e.g. nationality and address).
- Basic terms of the loan (e.g. amount loaned, interest rate and terms of payment)
6. How much is the document?
The document costs PHP 450 for a one-time purchase. Once purchased, you have unlimited use and revisions of this type of document.
You can also avail of Premium subscription at PHP 1,000 and get (a) unlimited use of our growing library of documents (from affidavits to contracts); and (b) unlimited use of our “Ask an Attorney” service, which lets you consult an expert lawyer anytime for any legal concern you have.