A Contract of Loan is a legally binding document where a person lends money (the “lender”) to another person (the “borrower”) subject to the borrower’s obligation to repay, sometimes with interest. The loan contract stipulates the terms of the loan such as the (1) amount loaned; (2) interest rate; and (3) terms of payment.
A Contract of Loan may also be either secured or unsecured. A secured loan refers to a loan protected by a collateral which the lender can sell if the borrower fails to timely pay the loan. A collateral can be either movable property (i.e. jewelry) or immovable property (i.e. a house). On the other hand, an unsecured loan refers to a loan that offers no collateral and leaves the lender with no property that can be readily sold to pay off the loan if the borrower defaults.
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